9 Essential Sunnah Practices for Celebrating Eid-el-Kabir

The Spiritual Significance of Eid-el-Kabir

Eid-el-Kabir, also known as Eid-al-Adha, stands as one of the most significant Islamic festivals celebrated globally. The festival commemorates the obedience and faith of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham), who was willing to sacrifice his son in submission to Allah's will. In recognition of this act of faith, Muslims around the world engage in the ritual of animal sacrifice, symbolizing their dedication and commitment to Allah.

Nine Essential Sunnah Acts

The observance of Eid-el-Kabir is enriched by several Sunnah acts—actions and practices derived from the traditions of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). These acts, deeply embedded in Islamic customs, intend to purify, express gratitude, and strengthen communal bonds. Here are nine Sunnah acts to perform on Eid-el-Kabir day:

1. Performing Ghusl Before Congregational Prayers

On Eid morning, it's highly recommended to perform ghusl, a ritual purification bath or shower. This act is not merely about physical cleanliness; it symbolizes spiritual purity and readiness to partake in the day's sacred activities. By washing away impurities, Muslims present themselves in a state of physical and spiritual cleanliness, ready to engage in worship and celebration.

2. Fasting Before Leaving for Eid Prayer

Another notable Sunnah act is to refrain from eating until after the Eid prayer. This brief fast, observed from dawn until the conclusion of the prayer, reinforces a sense of piety and commitment. It serves as a reminder of self-discipline and the spiritual significance of the day, fostering a deeper connection with Allah during the celebrations.

3. Wearing the Best Clothes

Muslims are encouraged to wear their finest and cleanest clothes to mark the occasion of Eid-el-Kabir. This tradition of wearing new or well-prepared clothing signifies respect for the festival and the collective joy of the community. The act of dressing up also reflects the gratitude and celebration of the blessings received.

4. Applying Perfume or Fragrance

The application of perfume or any pleasant fragrance before attending the Eid prayer is another important Sunnah. This practice enhances the experience of gathering and worship, making the environment pleasant for everyone. It symbolizes purity and the joy of the day, contributing to a sense of unity and communal celebration.

5. Reciting the Takbeerat After Fajr Prayer

The recitation of the general takbeerat, or proclamations of Allah's greatness, begins after the Fajr (dawn) prayer on the day of Eid. These declarations, undertaken individually or in groups, create an atmosphere of collective worship and remembrance of Allah. The Takbeerat emphasizes the communal spirit and religious fervor of the festival.

6. Taking a Different Route Back from the Mosque

After participating in the Eid prayer, it is recommended to take a different route back home. This Sunnah act, practiced by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), has symbolic and practical aspects. It allows worshippers to interact with different people along their route, fostering a greater sense of community. It also symbolizes a renewed path or fresh start, aligning with the themes of sacrifice and new beginnings.

7. Performing the Eid Prayer in Congregation

The Eid prayer is a central element of the celebrations, and performing it in congregation is a cherished Sunnah. The communal prayer, held in open spaces or mosques, emphasizes unity and collective worship. It represents collective joy, shared spirituality, and the communal adherence to Islamic teachings.

8. Connecting with Friends and Family

Eid-el-Kabir is a time to strengthen bonds with family and friends. Visiting loved ones, sharing meals, and exchanging warm greetings are integral parts of the celebration. These interactions reinforce social ties and foster a sense of belonging and community, which are core values in Islam.

9. Exchanging Gifts

The tradition of exchanging gifts during Eid-el-Kabir enhances the festive spirit and joy of the occasion. It symbolizes goodwill, generosity, and mutual respect. This practice also reflects the compassion and empathy central to Islamic teachings, reminding individuals of their duty to share their blessings with others.

The Broader Context of Eid-el-Kabir

The Broader Context of Eid-el-Kabir

Eid-el-Kabir, celebrated over three days, marks the culmination of the Hajj pilgrimage and follows the Day of Arafah. The Hajj is a significant spiritual journey that millions of Muslims undertake to Mecca, representing a once-in-a-lifetime act of devotion for those who are able. The Day of Arafah, which precedes Eid, holds profound spiritual importance as it is a day of forgiveness and prayer.

The three days of Eid-el-Kabir encapsulate a period of intense spiritual reflection, communal worship, and joyous celebration. The ritual of animal sacrifice, typically a sheep, goat, or cow, is performed to symbolize the willingness to part with something valuable in the name of faith and obedience to Allah. The sacrificial meat is divided into three parts—one for the family, one for friends and neighbors, and one for the less fortunate—echoing the themes of charity and community.



As Muslims across the globe prepare to celebrate Eid-el-Kabir, adhering to these nine Sunnah acts brings the deeper meanings of the festival to life. The traditions of purifying oneself, fasting, dressing well, and engaging in communal worship create a tapestry of devotion and joy. The acts of connecting with loved ones, exchanging gifts, and performing rituals mark the festival not just as a religious observance but as a vibrant cultural and social event.

This Eid-el-Kabir, let us remember the core values of Islam—faith, sacrifice, generosity, and community. By embodying these principles, we honor the legacy of the Prophet Ibrahim and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), enriching our spiritual lives and fostering unity and compassion in our communities.

Write a comment